Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Chlamydia
Chlamydia (NGU) (often misspelled as clamidia, chlamidia, clamydia, clymidia and so on) – is one of the most frequent sexually transmitted diseases which is caused by pathogenic bacteria – Chlamydia trachomatis. This is not just a word, every year there are about 90 million cases of chlamydia – and these are only registered. Much more than a half of them occurred among women. The main reason why chlamydia is so widespread is that infected people simply don’t recognize symptoms.
Although chlamydia is easily curable with antibiotics, some serious complications as PID and infertility can occur.
This infection affects the cervix in women, the urethra and rectum in both genders. Sometimes such body-parts as eyelid lining or throat can also be injured.
How Chlamydia Can Be Contracted?
- Mostly chlamydia is transmitted during sexual intercourse in the vagina and rectum.
- Sometimes infection can be transmitted during oral sex.
- Sharing sex toys.
- When the newborn is passing through the birth canal infection, chlamydia can be transmitted from his mother. Such cases can be сomplicated by conjunctivitis and pneumonia.
- Intermenstrual bleeding.
Note: toilet seats, swimming pools, baths, common tableware, towels etc. can’t cause or transmit chlamydia.
Men’s Symptoms of Chlamydia:
- Discharge from the urethra (most often it’s transparent and lean).
- Painful urination (mild).
Women’s Symptoms of Chlamydia:
Incubation period of Chlamydia lasted for 7–21 days.
What if Not Cured?
For men one of the most common complications is inflammation of the epididymis. If you’re a woman than not cured chlamydia can cause inflammatory diseases of the uterus and appendages, which are one of the main causes of female infertility. Another possible complication is Reiter’s syndrome, which is an inflammation of the urethra (women – the cervical canal), eyes and joints.
Treatment for Chlamydia and how to avoid it.
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