Short List Of Most Common STDs and Their Symptoms
According to the statistic, every second person in the world who is under 25 and have been sexually active – has at least one STD.
The reason is that STDs are easily transmitted, simple touch or a kiss could be the possible ways of infection.
There are different kinds of STDs, usually they are subdivided on bacterial, fungal, viral and parasitical. Also it is very often when one STD is combined with another or one of them causes the other. It is a chain of diseases that is easy to start but difficult to cure if you do not start on time. That is why it is so important to be aware of the symptoms and be able to detect the disease on it’s initial stage.
Chancroid and Its Typical Symptoms
Chancroid is an acute venereal infection, characterized by painful multiple genital sores, as well as inflammation of the lymph nodes.
Typical features of sore are: mild consistency, tenderness, bleeding, inflammation.
In men, sores are more often located on the foreskin, head and body of the penis.
In women, sores most often appear on the large and small labia, but also they can be located in the perineum, hips or cervix.
Chlamydia Typical Symptoms
It is one of the most frequent disease transmitted mainly by sexual intercourse. It is about 30-60% of women and 15% of men with nongonococcal inflammatory diseases of urogenital organs all over the world.
Chlamydia in women has following signs: discomfort and burning during urination, sometimes chlamydia is manifested by itching or slight pain in the area of the external genitalia. In most cases there are no symptoms at all.
Symptoms of chlamydia in men are: unpleasant feelings in the perineum, mild pains in the scrotum, anus and testicles are possible. Sometime burning during the urination and itching are the possible signs. Also chlamydia could be accompanied by a few vitreous secretions from the urethra, because of that men can feel malaise and general weakness.
Crabs (Pubic Lice) Typical Symptoms
As a rule the main symptom is itch, which usually intensifies at night. Sometimes the patient feel nothing at all but in some cases, bites of pubic lice cause an allergic rash in the lesions. Often, patients with pubic lice can identify nits on their pubic hair.
Gonorrhea Typical Symptoms
Quite often gonorrhea is asymptomatic on it’s initial stages, especially in women. As a rule, the first sign of it is burning and pain in the urethra during the urination. After 1-2 days, the symptoms increase dramatically: the external opening of the urethra swells and purulent yellowish-brown discharge with an unpleasant odor appears from the urethra. After a while, the discharge becomes more dense, and the opening of the urethra becomes red, swollen and with small sores on it.
Symptoms of gonorrhea in women are usually less noticeable and therefore are not always correctly assessed. For example, yellowish-white discharge from the vagina is usually associated with candidiasis and painful urination – with cystitis.
Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C Typical Symptoms
Hepatitis C is an asymptomatic disease, it is often diagnosed by accident, when people are making tests for other diseases.
The possible symptoms are: asthenia, weakness, fatigue. But these symptoms are very nonspecific (their presence does not allow talking that you definitely have hepatitis C).
With cirrhosis of the liver, jaundice may appear, the stomach increases in volume, vascular asterisks appear and weakness grows.
As for the hepatitis B, following symptoms are possible: fatigue, loss of appetite, jaundice, pain in the joints, nausea, a sense of discomfort in the right hypochondrium, urine can change the colour – it may be darker and feces on the contrary can become lighter.
At the beginning hepatitis B rise of the temperature and intoxication are possible.
Herpes Typical Symptoms
Rashes in the form of vesicles that can appear on the lips, mucous membranes of the nose and mouth, on the genitals and on the body.
HIV/ AIDS Typical Symptoms
For a long time infection may not be shown at any way. Usually patients with AIDS complain at high temperature, chills, pain in the muscles, increase in the cervical lymph nodes.
Human Papillomavirus and Genital Warts Typical Symptoms
Infection caused by the virus of the papilloma, is a wart (condyloma) and belongs to the group of virus-infectious diseases, which are characterized by appearance of papillomatous structures on the skin and mucous membranes. HPV is characterized by its chronic form with persistent relapses.
Finding the primary signs of HPV, you should not be sure that you have recently been infected, as the papilloma virus can live in the body from your birth.
Lymphogranuloma Venereum Typical Symptoms
This is a sexually transmitted disease which is most often found in the tropics.
Typical signs are: lymph nodes significantly increase in the size (in the neck, in the armpits or in the groin). In case of LV lymph nodes are painless and their size does not decrease during the treatment with antibiotics. Also Weakness, fever, sweating, weight loss and digestive disorders are possible.
Molluscum Contagiosum Typical Symptoms
Molluscum contagiosum is a viral disease of the skin, which is manifested by specific skin rashes in the form of pimples (papules), ranging in size from 1-2 to 10 mm.
Nongonococcal urethritis Typical Symptoms
The incubation period of the disease takes from 7 to 21 days since the moment of sexual contact. After that, the following signs of urethritis appear: discharge from the urethra, violation of urination, itching and burning in the area of the external opening of the urethra, the appearance of blood in the urine, weakness and chills, pain in the perineum.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Typical Symptoms
A woman with a PID does not always have any symptoms. However, PID symptoms may include: pain in the lower abdomen and / or back pain, prolonged and / or severe menstrual periods, seizures or spotting during the month, unusual vaginal discharge (change in odor, color, or amount), fatigue, weakness, fever, vomiting, nausea, pain during sexual intercource, pain or burning when urinating.
Scabies Typical Symptoms
Scabies – a parasitic skin disease characterized by intense nocturnal itching and scratching.
Because of severe itching and frequent scratching, it is possible to get a bacterial infection (for example, staphylococcus), which makes the skin rash more diverse, including pustules.
The first sign of the disease is the formation of a solid chancre at the site of contact with a painless, dense round sore which can be 0.5-2 cm in diameter, with a smooth, shiny bottom. Such sores usually do not bleed and are not prone to unition. Within the first week after the appearance of a solid chancre, the lymph nodes of the affected area increase (it is called regional lymphadenitis).
Trichomoniasis Typical Symptoms
Penetrating into the body, trichomonas causes such problems as inflammation of the vagina, inflammation of the urethra and bladder. Usually trichomonas do not exist alone, but in combination with other pathogenic microflora: gonococci, yeast fungi, viruses, chlamydia, mycoplasmas, etc.
If you found some of the above symptoms, we strongly recommend you not to delay your visit to the doctor as the earlier you will start your treatment – the better would be your results.
Take care of yourself and you partners!