Each Woman Has to Know it – Vaginal Yeast Infection
Although vaginal yeast infection can be transmitted sexually, in most cases, it is not associated with sexual intercourse. This infection actually does not belong to venereal diseases but it is here because of a similar clinical picture.
In a medical environment vaginla yeast infection is known as Candidiasis. The cause of yeast infection is a yeast-like fungus called Candida albicans (C. albicans). These fungus is harmless and it takes part in metabolic processes together with other microorganisms. It can be found in the body of every woman, most often in the vagina, but sometimes you can find it in the mouth, intestines or on the skin. Certain factors can make fungus “aggressive” and this is the moment when it becomes a trouble.
What Causes Vaginal Yeast Infection?
There are some factors that can cause Candidiasis:
- Weakening of immunity system.
- Chronic infections.
- Sexually transmitted diseases.
- The usage of contraceptive pills.
- Taking antibiotics.
What are the Symptoms of Vaginal Yeast Infection?
Although this illness at most cases bothers women, men also can get it, so we’ll subdivide the according to gender identity.
Candidiasis Symptoms in Men:
It affects, mainly, the head of the penis, and the symptoms may be the following:
- Itching and burning in the area of balanus and foreskin.
- White coating on the glans penis.
- Swelling of the glans penis.
- Redness of the glans penis and prepuce.
- Pain during intercourse.
- Painful urination.
- There may appear rashes of red, which also combine with painful itching and burning.
Candidiasis Symptoms in Women:
The symptoms of Vaginal Yeast often appear several days before the menstruation. If its localization is genitals, then its following symptoms are possible:
- Sharp, severe burning in the genital area. These feeling grow during the night time, and after taking a hot bath.
- The sexual organs will be coloured red.
- The mucous membrane of the external genitalia becomes inflamed and starts to ache.
- Vaginal discharge that have curd-look, they are plentiful, but have no unpleasant odor.
- Urine can erode the inflamed mucous membrane and painful urination.
- Problems with urination because of the pain.
- You will feel pain during sexual intercourse.
Why Vaginal Yeast is Dangerous for Pregnant?
If you have vaginal yeast infection during pregnancy, pathogens can enter the uterus and be transmitted to the fetus. After birth, the baby will have a white scurf in his mouth (tongue, palate, gums). Sometimes consequences of the disease can be even more severe: pathogenic bacteria can affect the respiratory and other vital systems.
Testing and Treatment for Vaginal Yeast Infection
Diagnosis of vaginal candidiasis traditionally is based on complaints, anamnesis and results of gynecological examination. Also for most informative diagnostic microbiological testing can be done.
As for the treatment of vaginal candidiasis, the first thing you should remember is that it should be comprehensive. Not the causative agent of the disease should be eliminated, but also all predisposing factors. It is recommended to refuse taking oral contraceptives, antibiotics, glucocorticosteroids, cytotoxic drugs. Also medication correction of diabetes should be one of the steps to healthy life and don’t forget to use condoms during the whole process of treatment.
There are several forms of treatment that could be prescribed: oral drugs in pills and capsules and local medicines which include ointments, vaginal tablets, creams, syringing and vaginal suppositories.